A healthy result should fall into the range 26 - 100 µmol/L.
Taurine is a sulfur-containing amino acid required for bile formation.
How is taurine made?
It is normally made by the body from cysteine, the conversion requiring B6.
What are the functions of taurine?
Taurine is an inhibitory neurotransmitter involved in neuromodulatory and neuroprotective actions.
Supplementing with taurine can have a specific effect on GABA function. There are two primary ways in which taurine affects GABA:
By helping GABA function, taurine is an important neuromodulator for the prevention of Excitotoxicity (=pathological process by which nerve cells are damaged or killed by excessive stimulation by neurotransmitters such as glutamate and similar substances.)
Therefore, taurine and GABA constitute an important protective mechanism against excessive excitatory amino acids. Similarly, taurine is increased in response to the exposure of free radicals elucidating its neuroprotective actions. Exposure to free radicals increases glutamate excretion, further potentiation NMDA receptor activation. Taurine modulates this effect to prevent cell excitability by keeping the cell hyperpolarized.
Low taurine may increase the risk for oxidative damage, impaired fat digestion, CVD-related problems (including high cholesterol, atherosclerosis, angina, and arrhythmias), and seizure disorders.
Low levels of taurine may increase risk for:
Supplement with taurine or cysteine and vitamin B6.
Females do not synthesize taurine as easily as males.
Some possible symptoms:
High urinary levels of taurine may be associated with the following:
Symptoms may include:
Urinary taurine levels may also be high with the following:
Oral supplementation may raise taurine levels; taurine is an ingredient in many “energy drinks”.
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