List of Health Conditions

Acute cholecystitis

Acute cholecystitis is a severe condition that affects the gallbladder, an essential organ responsible for storing bile produced by the liver. This medical emergency arises … show more
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Acute Intermittent Porphyria

Acute Intermittent Porphyria (AIP) is a rare metabolic disorder that is part of a group of conditions known as porphyrias. These conditions are characterized by … show more
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Acute kidney injury (AKI)

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Acute pancreatitis

Understanding Pancreatitis Acute: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments Acute pancreatitis is sudden inflammation of the pancreas, marked by sharp abdominal pain that may require urgent medical … show more
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Addison’s Disease

Addison's disease, also known as primary adrenal insufficiency, is a rare but serious endocrine disorder where the adrenal glands do not produce sufficient steroid hormones, … show more
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Adrenal insufficiency

Understanding Adrenal Insufficiency: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment Adrenal insufficiency is a serious health condition that occurs when the adrenal glands, located above the kidneys, do … show more
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Alzheimer's Disease

Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that is the most common cause of dementia among older adults. The disease is characterized by the … show more
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Ankylosing spondylitis

Understanding Ankylosing Spondylitis: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory condition primarily affecting the spine and sacroiliac joints, where the spine … show more
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Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS)

Antiphospholipid Syndrome (APS) is a disorder where the immune system, which usually fights off harmful invaders like viruses and bacteria, mistakenly attacks certain proteins in … show more
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Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase deficiency (AADCD)

Understanding Aromatic L-amino Acid Decarboxylase Deficiency (AADCD): Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase deficiency (AADCD) is a rare genetic disorder that significantly impacts … show more
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Ataxia

Ataxia is a term used to describe a group of neurological disorders that affect coordination, balance, and speech, making it challenging for those affected to … show more
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Atherosclerosis

Introduction Atherosclerosis, a chronic condition affecting millions globally, is characterized by the narrowing and hardening of arteries due to plaque buildup. This comprehensive guide delves … show more
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Autoimmune encephalitis

Autoimmune encephalitis is a complex and serious condition in which the body's immune system mistakenly attacks its own brain cells, leading to inflammation of the … show more
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Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH), commonly known as prostate gland enlargement, is a prevalent condition among older men. This comprehensive article aims to provide an in-depth … show more
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Beta Thalassemia

Beta Thalassemia is a genetic blood disorder that affects the body's ability to produce hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells responsible for carrying oxygen … show more
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Bipolar disorder

Understanding Bipolar Disorder: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment Bipolar disorder is a mental health condition characterized by extreme mood swings that include emotional highs (mania or … show more
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Candidiasis

Candidiasis, a fungal infection caused by Candida species, predominantly Candida albicans, is a multifaceted condition that can manifest in various forms depending on the affected … show more
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Celiac Disease

Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder triggered by the ingestion of gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley, and rye, affecting genetically predisposed individuals. When … show more
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Cholelithiasis

Understanding Cholelithiasis: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment Cholelithiasis, commonly known as gallstones, is a prevalent health condition characterized by the formation of stones in the gallbladder. … show more
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Cholesterolosis

Understanding Cholesterolosis: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment Cholesterolosis, often referred to as "strawberry gallbladder," is a condition where cholesterol deposits build up on the gallbladder wall, … show more
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Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Understanding Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS), also known as Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME), is a complex and debilitating health condition … show more
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Chronic kidney disease

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Crigler-Najjar syndrome

Crigler-Najjar syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that affects the body's ability to process bilirubin, a yellow pigment formed by the breakdown of red blood … show more
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Crohn's Disease

Crohn's Disease is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) characterized by transmural inflammation, which can occur in any part of the gastrointestinal tract, from the … show more
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Cushing's syndrome

Cushing's syndrome is a medical condition that arises when your body is exposed to high levels of the hormone cortisol for a long period of … show more
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Cytomegalovirus (CMV)

Cytomegalovirus (CMV), a member of the Herpesviridae family, is a prevalent pathogen with a wide-ranging impact on human health. Characterized by its ability to establish … show more
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Diabetes

Diabetes is a common, manageable condition characterized by elevated blood sugar levels, which can affect individuals of all ages. It arises when the pancreas does … show more
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Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (DIC)

Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (DIC) is a complex, potentially life-threatening condition characterized by the abnormal activation of the body's clotting mechanisms, which can lead to the … show more
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Dubin-Johnson syndrome

Dubin-Johnson Syndrome is a rare, inherited disorder characterized by chronic jaundice. This condition stems from the liver's inability to properly secrete certain types of bilirubin … show more
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Dysautonomia

Understanding Dysautonomia: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment Dysautonomia is a complex and often misunderstood condition that affects the autonomic nervous system, which controls involuntary bodily functions … show more
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Endometriosis

Understanding Endometriosis: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment Endometriosis is a chronic health condition that affects millions of women worldwide. This condition occurs when tissue similar to … show more
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Epilepsy

Understanding Epilepsy: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder that affects millions of people worldwide. Characterized by recurrent, unprovoked seizures, epilepsy arises … show more
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Epstein-Barr Virus and Infectious Mononucleosis

Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV), a widespread and persistent herpesvirus, is primarily known for causing Infectious Mononucleosis, often referred to as "Mono" or the "kissing disease." EBV, … show more
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Essential fatty acid (EFA) deficiency

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G6PD Deficiency

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is a genetic disorder that affects the red blood cells, which are responsible for carrying oxygen from the lungs to the … show more
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Gilbert disease

Gilbert syndrome, often referred to simply as Gilbert's syndrome, is a mild liver disorder characterized by an elevated level of bilirubin in the bloodstream. This … show more
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Gliomas

What are gliomas? Gliomas are cancerous brain tumors that start in glial cells. These are the supporting cells of the brain and the spinal cord. … show more
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Graves' Disease

Graves' Disease is an autoimmune disorder that leads to an overactive thyroid gland, or hyperthyroidism. This condition occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks the … show more
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Hashimoto's disease

Hashimoto's disease, also known as Hashimoto's thyroiditis, is an autoimmune disorder where the immune system attacks the thyroid gland, leading to chronic inflammation and an … show more
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Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection

Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection is a common condition that affects the stomach lining and is a leading cause of peptic ulcers and gastric inflammation … show more
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Hemolytic Anemia

Hemolytic anemia is a blood disorder that typically happens when your red blood cells break down or die faster than your body can replace them … show more
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Hirsutism

Hirsutism is a health condition characterized by the growth of excessive or unwanted hair on a woman's face, chest, and back, following a pattern of … show more
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Hyperoxaluria

Hyperoxaluria is a complex health condition characterized by an excessive excretion of oxalate in the urine. Oxalate is a natural chemical found in the body, … show more
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Hyperparathyroidism

Hyperparathyroidism is a condition where the parathyroid glands in the neck produce too much parathyroid hormone (PTH), which regulates calcium levels in the body. It's … show more
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Hypogammaglobulinemia

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Inclusion Body Myositis

  Inclusion Body Myositis (IBM) is a complex and progressive muscle disorder, classified as an inflammatory myopathy, characterized by a combination of inflammation and degenerative … show more
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Infectious Mononucleosis

Infectious Mononucleosis, often referred to as "mono" or the "kissing disease," is a contagious illness primarily caused by the Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV). This infection is … show more
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Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)

Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) is a term primarily used to describe two chronic conditions that cause inflammation in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract: Crohn's Disease and … show more
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Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP)

Intrahepatic Cholestasis of Pregnancy (ICP), also known as obstetric cholestasis, is a liver disorder that can occur during pregnancy. This condition affects the normal flow … show more
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Iron-Deficiency Anemia

Deficiency anemia is a widespread health issue affecting millions globally, significantly diminishing quality of life through its extensive symptoms. This type of deficiency anemia results … show more
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Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a common disorder affecting the large intestine, characterized by a range of symptoms including abdominal pain, bloating, gas, and altered … show more
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Leaky Gut Syndrome

Understanding Leaky Gut: Causes, Symptoms, and Effective Management Strategies Do you suspect a ‘leaky gut’ is to blame for your digestive discomfort? Look no further … show more
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Methylmalonic acidemia (MMA)

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Mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD)

Mixed Connective Tissue Disease (MCTD) is an autoimmune disorder characterized by features commonly seen in three other connective tissue diseases: systemic lupus erythematosus, scleroderma, and … show more
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Multiple Myeloma

Multiple Myeloma is a complex and aggressive hematological malignancy characterized by the uncontrolled proliferation of plasma cells in the bone marrow. Plasma cells, a type … show more
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Mycoplasma pneumoniae Infection

Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a significant bacterial pathogen known primarily for causing atypical pneumonia, though it can also be associated with a range of other respiratory … show more
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Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL) is a group of blood cancers that originate in the lymphatic system, a crucial part of the body's immune defense. Unlike Hodgkin … show more
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Nonketotic hyperglycinemia (NKH)

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Paraneoplastic Neurologic Syndromes (PNS)

Paraneoplastic neurological syndromes (PNS) represent a group of rare, diverse conditions that affect the nervous system and are associated with cancer. These syndromes are not … show more
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Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a complex endocrine disorder that affects approximately 1 in 10 women of childbearing age, making it one of the most … show more
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Polymyalgia rheumatica

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Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition characterized by the rapid growth of skin cells, leading to thick, red, scaly patches on the skin. Normally, skin … show more
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Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)

What Is Rheumatoid Arthritis? Causes, Signs & Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention What Is Rheumatoid Arthritis? Rheumatoid arthritis, or RA, is an autoimmune and inflammatory … show more
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Sjogren's Syndrome

What is Sjögren’s Syndrome? Sjögren’s syndrome is an autoimmune disease that happens when your immune system damages the glands that produce and control moisture in … show more
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Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO)

What Is SIBO? Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth, or SIBO, is a digestive condition marked by an abnormal increase in bacteria levels in the small intestine. … show more
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Subclinical Hyperthyroidism

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Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH)

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Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)

What is Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)? → Systemic lupus erythematosus is a chronic, multisystem, inflammatory disorder of autoimmune etiology.  → SLE is occurring predominantly in … show more
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Thalassemia

Thalassemia is a group of inherited blood disorders characterized by the body's inability to produce normal hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells that carries … show more
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Thymidine phosphorylase deficiency (MNGIE)

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Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition where the body's immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. This leads … show more
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Ulcerative colitis (UC)

Ulcerative Colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory condition confined primarily to the colon and rectum, forming part of a group of conditions known as Inflammatory … show more
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Urinary tract infection (UTI)

Alternative Names: Bladder infection; UTI; Cystitis bacterial; Pyelonephritis; Kidney infection What is a urinary tract infection? A urinary tract infection is a very common type … show more
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Vascular dementia

Vascular dementia is a type of dementia caused by reduced blood flow to the brain, which can deprive brain cells of the oxygen and nutrients … show more
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Vasculitides

Vasculitides represents a complex group of health conditions characterized by the inflammation of blood vessels, a process that can lead to significant organ and tissue … show more
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Venous thromboembolism (VTE)

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a serious health condition that encompasses two related disorders: deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). DVT occurs when a … show more
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